Introduction ::GrenadaBackground:Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when Christopher COLUMBUS discovered the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production. In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974 making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere. Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since that time. Hurricane Ivan struck Grenada in September of 2004 causing severe damage.Geography ::GrenadaLocation:Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and TobagoGeographic coordinates:12 07 N, 61 40 WArea:total: 344 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 207land: 344 sq kmwater: 0 sq kmArea - comparative:twice the size of Washington, DCLand boundaries:0 kmCoastline:121 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nmexclusive economic zone: 200 nmClimate:tropical; tempered by northeast trade windsTerrain:volcanic in origin with central mountainsElevation extremes:lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 mhighest point: Mount Saint Catherine 840 mNatural resources:timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harborsLand use:arable land: 8.82%permanent crops: 20.59%other: 70.59% (2011)Irrigated land:2.19 sq km (2003)Total renewable water resources:NANatural hazards:lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to NovemberEnvironment - current issues:NAEnvironment - international agreements:party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whalingsigned, but not ratified: none of the selected agreementsGeography - note:the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and GrenadaPeople and Society ::GrenadaNationality:noun: Grenadian(s)adjective: GrenadianEthnic groups:black 82%, mixed black and European 13%, European and East Indian 5%, and trace of Arawak/Carib AmerindianLanguages:English (official), French patoisReligions:Roman Catholic 53%, Anglican 13.8%, other Protestant 33.2%Population:109,590 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 189Age structure:0-14 years: 24.7% (male 13,962/female 13,101)15-24 years: 17.1% (male 9,310/female 9,474)25-54 years: 40.2% (male 22,624/female 21,421)55-64 years: 8.7% (male 4,935/female 4,642)65 years and over: 9.2% (male 4,601/female 5,520) (2013 est.)Dependency ratios:total dependency ratio: 51.3 %youth dependency ratio: 40.5 %elderly dependency ratio: 10.8 %potential support ratio: 9.3 (2013)Median age:total: 29.3 yearsmale: 29.3 yearsfemale: 29.3 years (2013 est.)Population growth rate:0.52% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 150Birth rate:16.57 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 121Death rate:8.01 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 97Net migration rate:-3.34 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 182Urbanization:urban population: 39% of total population (2010)rate of urbanization: 1.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)Major urban areas - population:SAINT GEORGE'S (capital) 40,000 (2009)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.1 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female15-24 years: 0.98 male(s)/female25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female55-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/femaletotal population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Maternal mortality rate:24 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)country comparison to the world: 135Infant mortality rate:total: 10.81 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 139male: 10.05 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 11.63 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 73.55 yearscountry comparison to the world: 121male: 71 yearsfemale: 76.35 years (2013 est.)Total fertility rate:2.12 children born/woman (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 109Contraceptive prevalence rate:54.3%note: percent of women aged 15-44 (1990)Health expenditures:5.9% of GDP (2010)country comparison to the world: 112Hospital bed density:2.4 beds/1,000 population (2009)Drinking water source:improved:urban: 97% of populationrural: 93% of populationtotal: 94% of populationunimproved:urban: 3% of populationrural: 7% of populationtotal: 6% of population (2000 est.)Sanitation facility access:improved:urban: 96% of populationrural: 97% of populationtotal: 97% of populationunimproved:urban: 4% of populationrural: 3% of populationtotal: 3% of population (2010 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:NAHIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:NAHIV/AIDS - deaths:NAObesity - adult prevalence rate:22.5% (2008)country comparison to the world: 78Education expenditures:3.9% of GDP (2003)country comparison to the world: 113Literacy:definition: age 15 and over can read and writetotal population: 96%male: NAfemale: NA (2003 est.)School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):total: 16 yearsmale: 15 yearsfemale: 16 years (2009)Government ::GrenadaCountry name:conventional long form: noneconventional short form: GrenadaGovernment type:parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realmCapital:name: Saint George'sgeographic coordinates: 12 03 N, 61 45 Wtime difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)Administrative divisions:6 parishes and 1 dependency*; Carriacou and Petite Martinique*, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mark, Saint PatrickIndependence:7 February 1974 (from the UK)National holiday:Independence Day, 7 February (1974)Constitution:19 December 1973Legal system:common law based on English modelInternational law organization participation:has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCtSuffrage:18 years of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Cecile LA GRENADE (since 7 May 2013)head of government: Prime Minister Keith MITCHELL (since 20 February 2013)cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor generalLegislative branch:bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (13 seats, 10 members appointed by the government and 3 by the leader of the opposition) and the House of Representatives (15 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)elections: last held on 19 February 2013 (next to be held in 2018)election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NNP 59%, NDC 41%; seats by party - NNP 15Judicial branch:highest court(s): Supreme Court of Grenada (consists of the High Court with 3 justices and a 2-tier Court of Appeal with NA justices)note - the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is the itinerant superior court of record for the 9-member Organization of Eastern Caribbean States to include Grenada; the ECSC - with its headquarters on St. Lucia - is headed by the chief justice and is comprijudge selection and term of office: justice selection and tenure NAsubordinate courts: magistrates' courts; Court of Magisterial AppealsPolitical parties and leaders:Grenada United Labor Party or GULP [Wilfred HAYES]National Democratic Congress or NDC [Tillman THOMAS]New National Party or NNP [Keith MITCHELL]Political pressure groups and leaders:Committee for Human Rights in Grenada or CHRGNew Jewel Movement Support GroupThe British Grenada Friendship SocietyThe New Jewel 19 CommitteeInternational organization participation:ACP, AOSIS, C, Caricom, CDB, CELAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, ITUC, LAES, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, Petrocaribe, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WTODiplomatic representation in the US:chief of mission: Ambassador Gillian M.S. BRISTOLchancery: 1701 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009telephone:  (202) 265-2561FAX:  (202) 265-2468consulate(s) general: New YorkDiplomatic representation from the US:chief of mission: the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Grenadaembassy: Lance-aux-Epines Stretch, Saint George'smailing address: P. O. Box 54, Saint George'stelephone:  (473) 444-1173 through 1177FAX:  (473) 444-4820Flag description:a rectangle divided diagonally into yellow triangles (top and bottom) and green triangles (hoist side and outer side), with a red border around the flag; there are seven yellow, five-pointed stars with three centered in the top red border, three centered in the bottom red border, and one on a red disk superimposed at the center of the flag; there is also a symbolic nutmeg pod on the hoist-side triangle (Grenada is the world's second-largest producer of nutmeg, after Indonesia); the seven stars stand for the seven administrative divisions, with the central star denoting the capital, St. George; yellow represents the sun and the warmth of the people, green stands for vegetation and agriculture, and red symbolizes harmony, unity, and courageNational anthem:name: ""Hail Grenada""lyrics/music: Irva Merle BAPTISTE/Louis Arnold MASANTOnote: adopted 1974Economy ::GrenadaEconomy - overview:Grenada relies on tourism as its main source of foreign exchange especially since the construction of an international airport in 1985. Hurricanes Ivan (2004) and Emily (2005) severely damaged the agricultural sector - particularly nutmeg and cocoa cultivation - which had been a key driver of economic growth. Grenada has rebounded from the devastating effects of the hurricanes but is now saddled with the debt burden from the rebuilding process. Public debt-to-GDP is nearly 110%, leaving the THOMAS administration limited room to engage in public investments and social spending. Strong performances in construction and manufacturing, together with the development of tourism and an offshore financial industry, have also contributed to growth in national output; however, economic growth remained stagnant in 2010-12 after a sizeable contraction in 2009, because of the global economic slowdown's effects on tourism and remittances.GDP (purchasing power parity):$1.467 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 198$1.478 billion (2011 est.)$1.465 billion (2010 est.)note: data are in 2012 US dollarsGDP (official exchange rate):$790 million (2012 est.)GDP - real growth rate:-0.8% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1941% (2011 est.)-0.4% (2010 est.)GDP - per capita (PPP):$13,900 (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 96$14,100 (2011 est.)$14,000 (2010 est.)note: data are in 2012 US dollarsGDP - composition, by end use:household consumption: 85%government consumption: 16.6%investment in fixed capital: 21.5%investment in inventories: 0%exports of goods and services: 22.9%imports of goods and services: -46%(2012 est.)GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 5.4%industry: 16.1%services: 78.5% (2012 est.)Agriculture - products:bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, mace, citrus, avocados, root crops, sugarcane, corn, vegetablesIndustries:food and beverages, textiles, light assembly operations, tourism, constructionIndustrial production growth rate:-2% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 151Labor force:47,580 (2008)country comparison to the world: 194Labor force - by occupation:agriculture: 11%industry: 20%services: 69% (2008 est.)Unemployment rate:25% (2008)country comparison to the world: 17312.5% (2000)Population below poverty line:38% (2008)Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: NA%highest 10%: NA%Budget:revenues: $175.3 millionexpenditures: $215.9 million (2009 est.)Taxes and other revenues:22.2% of GDP (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 147Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):-5.1% of GDP (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 169Public debt:110% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 13Fiscal year:calendar yearInflation rate (consumer prices):3.2% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 993% (2011 est.)Central bank discount rate:6.5% (31 December 2009)country comparison to the world: 506.5% (31 December 2008)Commercial bank prime lending rate:10.4% (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 8010.68% (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of narrow money:$133.1 million (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 180$120.2 million (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of broad money:$715.6 million (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 172$687.9 million (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of domestic credit:$793.2 million (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 162$744.9 million (31 December 2011 est.)Market value of publicly traded shares:$NACurrent account balance:-$217.2 million (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 78-$221 million (2010 est.)Exports:$36.36 million (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 200$36.36 million (2011 est.)Exports - commodities:nutmeg, bananas, cocoa, fruit and vegetables, clothing, maceExports - partners:Nigeria 37%, St. Lucia 10.9%, Antigua and Barbuda 7.4%, St. Kitts and Nevis 6.6%, Dominica 6.6%, US 6.1% (2012)Imports:$296.3 million (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 201$296.3 million (2010 est.)Imports - commodities:food, manufactured goods, machinery, chemicals, fuelImports - partners:Trinidad and Tobago 45.9%, US 15.4%, China 4.3% (2012)Debt - external:$538 million (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 172$542 million (2009 est.)Exchange rates:East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar -2.7 (2012 est.)2.7 (2011 est.)2.7 (2010 est.)2.7 (2009)Energy ::GrenadaElectricity - production:201.4 million kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 179Electricity - consumption:177.4 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 187Electricity - exports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 200Electricity - imports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 192Electricity - installed generating capacity:33,000 kW (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 188Electricity - from fossil fuels:100% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 15Electricity - from nuclear fuels:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 96Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 172Electricity - from other renewable sources:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 132Crude oil - production:0 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 139Crude oil - exports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 117Crude oil - imports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 190Crude oil - proved reserves:0 bbl (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 137Refined petroleum products - production:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 182Refined petroleum products - consumption:2,803 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 183Refined petroleum products - exports:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 181Refined petroleum products - imports:1,976 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 178Natural gas - production:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 135Natural gas - consumption:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 147Natural gas - exports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 106Natural gas - imports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 198Natural gas - proved reserves:0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 141Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:429,300 Mt (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 181Communications ::GrenadaTelephones - main lines in use:28,400 (2010)country comparison to the world: 179Telephones - mobile cellular:121,900 (2010)country comparison to the world: 188Telephone system:general assessment: automatic, island-wide telephone systemdomestic: interisland VHF and UHF radiotelephone linksinternational: country code - 1-473; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad; SHF radiotelephone links to Trinidad and Tobago and Saint Vincent; VHF and UHF radio links to Trinidad (2009)Broadcast media:the Grenada Broadcasting Network, jointly owned by the government and the Caribbean Communications Network of Trinidad and Tobago, operates a TV station and 2 radio stations; multi-channel cable TV subscription service is available; a dozen private radio stations also broadcast (2007)Internet country code:.gdInternet hosts:80 (2012)country comparison to the world: 212Internet users:25,000 (2009)country comparison to the world: 186Transportation ::GrenadaAirports:3 (2013)country comparison to the world: 195Airports - with paved runways:total: 32,438 to 3,047 m: 11,524 to 2,437 m: 1under 914 m: 1 (2013)Roadways:total: 1,127 kmcountry comparison to the world: 183paved: 687 kmunpaved: 440 km (2001)Ports and terminals:major seaport(s): Saint George'sMilitary ::GrenadaMilitary branches:no regular military forces; Royal Grenada Police Force (includes Coast Guard) (2010)Manpower available for military service:males age 16-49: 27,468 (2010 est.)Manpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 22,596females age 16-49: 22,588 (2010 est.)Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:male: 995female: 1,002 (2010 est.)Military expenditures:NATransnational Issues ::GrenadaDisputes - international:noneIllicit drugs:small-scale cannabis cultivation; lesser transshipment point for marijuana and cocaine to US"
The World Factbook. 2014.
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grenadă — GRENÁDĂ, grenade, s.f. 1. Proiectil uşor, alcătuit dintr un corp metalic alungit, o încărcătură explozivă şi un focos, care se aruncă cu mâna sau cu un dispozitiv special. 2. Obiect de forma unei grenade (1), folosit la probele (proba) atletice… … Dicționar Român
Grenada — Grenada, CA U.S. Census Designated Place in California Population (2000): 351 Housing Units (2000): 146 Land area (2000): 0.481311 sq. miles (1.246590 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.481311 sq … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Grenada, CA — U.S. Census Designated Place in California Population (2000): 351 Housing Units (2000): 146 Land area (2000): 0.481311 sq. miles (1.246590 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.481311 sq. miles… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Grenada, MS — U.S. city in Mississippi Population (2000): 14879 Housing Units (2000): 6210 Land area (2000): 29.951952 sq. miles (77.575197 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.013069 sq. miles (0.033848 sq. km) Total area (2000): 29.965021 sq. miles (77.609045 sq.… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Grenăda — (spr. Grenâdâ), 1) so v.w. Granada; 2) eine der südlicheren Kleinen Antillen (Westindien), zum brit. Gouvernem. der Windward Inseln (Barbados) gehörig; 5,88 QM.; von vulkanischen Gebirgsketten durchzogen (einerder höchsten Gipfel enthält einen… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Grenāda — Grenāda, britisch westind. Insel, eine der Kleinen Antillen, zum Gouvernement der Windward Inseln gehörig, unter 11°38´ 12°30´ nördl. Br. und 61°10´ bis 61°50´ westl. L., 344 qkm, mit den Grenadinen (s. d.) 430 qkm groß, hat (1901) 64,288 Einw.,… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Grenada — Grenāda, eine der Kleinen Antillen, zum brit. Gouv. der Windward Islands gehörig, vulkanisch, fruchtbar, mit der Grenadine Carriacon (6930 E.) 345 qkm, (1903) 73.690 E.; Hauptstadt St. George … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Grenada — Grenada, eine der brit. kleinen Antillen, zuerst span., dann franz., 1762 von den Engländern erobert, 81/4 QM. groß mit 31000 E., erzeugt außer Cochenille Zucker u. Baumwolle. Hauptstadt Georgetown mit Hafen und Fort. In der Nähe die Grenadinen… … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Grenáda — ž geogr. otočna država na JI dijelu Karipskog mora, glavni grad i luka Saint George’s … Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika
Grenada — er en af de Caribiske øer mellem det Caribiske hav og Atlanterhavet. Kaldes også Krydderøen grundet den er en af verdens største leverandører af muskatnødder … Danske encyklopædi
grenada — grenadá vb., ind. prez. 1 sg. grenadéz, 3 sg. şi pl. grenadeáză; conj. prez. 3 sg. şi pl. grenadéze Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa … Dicționar Român